AI is a revolutionary technology that can facilitate a much-needed transformation of human intelligence. It can provide us with new abilities to understand and tackle the major problems facing our society today, while helping us better understand ourselves and the universe we live in.
AI can be divided into Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) and Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI). AGI is designed to be able to do many different intellectual tasks, while ANI is created to do a single or limited number of related tasks. By leveraging AI, we can unlock new ways of thinking and reasoning that can help us solve the world’s problems.
The fear of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) taking over civilisation and enslaving humans is often seen in popular culture movies and lore. This fear stems from the sophistication of AGI's cognitive architecture, which includes perception, attention, memory, language, and reasoning, allowing it to be capable of performing any intellectual task that a human can do.
AGI is designed to be flexible and adaptable, with the ability to learn from data without being explicitly programmed to do so, which is known as unsupervised learning. This stands in contrast with Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI), which is limited to a single task and is unable to generalise knowledge across different contexts.
Ultimately, AGI is a powerful tool that has the potential to improve the lives of humans, but it must be used responsibly and ethically to ensure it does not become a threat.
This lack of 'control' is what leads to the overarching fear of AI. However, Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) is designed to perform specific tasks and is not capable of generalising knowledge or skills to new situations outside of its programmed domain, thus remaining eminently controllable.
To make AGI trustworthy, knowledge representation must be flexible, robust and scalable, utilizing varied sources such as text, images and videos. Moreover, the AI system must be explainable, so that humans can comprehend and trust its decision-making process.
AGI, in its pure form, will be designed to learn and reason like humans, by leveraging knowledge and inputs from experience and reasoning about complex concepts.
While, AGI is still largely in the realm of theoretical research and development, and it is not yet clear whether it will be possible to create a truly general AI system.
In contrast, ANI is already in widespread use in a variety of industries and applications. including image recognition, natural language processing, and predictive analysis.