The Roar of Concern: Unveiling the Reasons Behind the Worrisome Decline of Tiger Population in Western Ghats

 The Roar of Concern: Unveiling the Reasons Behind the Worrisome Decline of Tiger Population in Western Ghats -->
The Roar of Concern: Unveiling the Reasons Behind the Worrisome Decline of Tiger Population in Western Ghats


What is Project Tiger?  
In 1973, Project Tiger was established with the aim of implementing effective wildlife protection laws, increasing the number of tiger reserves, and gaining support from forest communities to allow for free movement of tigers. This involved creating corridors and expanding protected areas.

Currently, India has 53 reserves that cover approximately 2.3% of the country's land area. The country is divided into five major tiger landscapes which function as biological units allowing for tiger populations to share a gene pool and potentially disperse between them. A census is conducted every four years since 2006 to estimate the population of tigers. 

What does the latest report suggest?  
The process of conducting a tiger census is fascinating and intricate, involving camera traps and physical surveys by forest officials. The data collected is then analyzed and combined by scientists at the Wildlife Institute of India to determine tiger populations.

While the most recent survey was completed in 2022, some analysis is still pending, resulting in the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) only publicizing the lowest bound of animals present based on the number of unique tigers photographed via camera traps.

This year, an impressive 3080 unique tigers were photographed, compared to 2,461 photographed in 2018. However, due to incomplete modeling estimates, the total number of tigers is yet to be determined, making the published figure of 3,167 even more intriguing. 

What report says about the health of tiger reserves? 
The latest tiger survey report offers a fascinating new perspective. While it doesn't contain the usual data on tigers outside protected areas, it does highlight significant variations in landscapes. The report notes a substantial population increase in the Shivalik-Gangetic flood plains, Central India, North Eastern Hills, Brahmaputra flood plains, and Sundarbans. However, the Western Ghats have seen a reduction in the tiger population.

What's particularly exciting is the observation of tigers occupying new areas in Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The numbers speak for themselves: 804 unique tigers in Shivalik-Gangetic plains, higher than the estimated 646 in 2018 and 1,161 unique tigers in Central India compared to an estimated 1,033 in 2018. And finally, we have the heartening news from the Sundarbans, where the tiger population has increased from 88 in 2018 to 100 in 2022. 

Recent happening in Western Ghats? 
The Western Ghats' protected areas are home to incredible biodiverse populations, with the tiger population estimated at 981 in 2018. However, recent data from 2022 indicates a decline in certain regions, with 824 unique tigers recorded. The stability or increase of tiger populations within protected areas is in contrast to outside regions, such as Wayanad, BRT Hills, and Goa/Karnataka border regions, where tiger occupancy has significantly decreased.

The Mookambika-Sharavathi-Sirsi landscape and Bhadra have also experienced notable declines in tiger occupancy. The Anamalai-Parambikulam complex outside borders has seen a similar decrease in tiger occupancy, while Periyar landscape's tiger populations remain stable. Local extinctions of tiger populations were also reported in Sirsi, Kanyakumari, and Srivilliputhur. 

The reason of declining local population?  
The growth of India's tiger population is a topic of interest, with a yearly increase of 6%. However, this growth is hindered by a multitude of issues, such as high mortality rates among cubs, man-animal conflict, and poaching.

Though the population has been recorded to be on the rise in quadrennial surveys since 2006, criticisms have been raised concerning the methods used for estimation and a lack of transparency in data-sharing. Researchers have pointed out mathematical flaws, design deficiencies, and an absence of independent scientists for evaluating analyses and results, thus threatening local extinctions. 

Key Points

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently inaugurated an International Big Cat Alliance conference in Mysuru to mark the 50th anniversary of Project Tiger. During his speech, he disclosed that India had a minimum of 3,167 tigers as per a recent survey. The report also noted substantial population growth, but highlighted significant differences in landscapes. 
  • However, the Western Ghats remain a major concern. These protected regions are some of the most biodiverse in India, with an estimated 981 tigers in 2018. Unfortunately, the latest survey revealed a decline in certain areas, recording only 824 unique tigers. 

You may interested in

Cyclone Biporjoy: Bracing for the Worst – Info and Updates Cyclone biporjoy is a very severe cyclonic storm that formed in the Arabian Sea in June 2023. It is expected to make landfall in Gujarat, India, on Thursday, June 15, with wind speeds of up to 150 kmph. It is the fourth-strongest cyclone that occurred in June in the Arabian Sea, and has caused heavy rains and strong winds in Mumbai and other coastal areas of Maharashtra and Gujarat.
Paridot by Niantic: Now you can raise your virtual pets in the game If you are a fan of Pokémon Go and Tamagotchi, you might be interested in Peridot, the new AR game from Niantic, the developer of Pokémon Go. Peridot is a pet simulation game that lets you raise and nurture cute virtual creatures called Dots in your real-world environment. Here is everything you need to know about Peridot and how to play it.
Cyclone Mocha: Everything You Need to Know Cyclone Mocha is a powerful storm that is brewing over the Bay of Bengal and is expected to make landfall on the coasts of Bangladesh and Myanmar on Sunday, May 14, 2023. The cyclone, which is named after a coffee variant from Yemen, has intensified into a very severe cyclonic storm with wind speeds of up to 130 kmph.
Zero Shadow Day: Explaining Why This Phenomenon Occurs in Bangalore "Discover the secrets of Bangalore's Zero Shadow Day and learn why this incredible phenomenon happens. Our comprehensive guide will explain the science behind this fascinating event and leave you in awe. Don't miss out on this amazing experience!" #Bangaluru #Explain #Why #ZeroShadowDay #Science #Fascinating #Experience.
The Roar of Concern: Unveiling the Reasons Behind the Worrisome Decline of Tiger Population in Western Ghats The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, recently inaugurated an International Big Cat Alliance conference in Mysuru, marking the 50th anniversary of Project Tiger - a conservation effort to save Indian tigers from extinction. During the event, he announced that the latest count revealed a minimum of 3,167 tigers in India, making for an intriguing and positive development in wildlife preservation.

Trending

AI in Indian Elections: Unveiling the Challenges and Strategic Solutions Artificial Intelligence (AI) is revolutionizing numerous sectors globally, and elections are no exception. In India, with its vast and diverse electorate, the integration of AI into the electoral process presents both significant opportunities and complex challenges. This blog post delves into the role of AI in Indian elections, highlighting the challenges and proposing strategic solutions to ensure a fair and transparent democratic process.
Cultivating Change: A Comprehensive Study of India's Agricultural Issues and Remedies Agriculture is a critical sector in India, employing nearly half of the country's workforce and contributing significantly to the GDP. Despite its importance, the sector faces numerous challenges that hinder its growth and productivity. This analysis outlines the key problems in Indian agriculture and proposes potential solutions to address them.
The Future of SEO if ChatGPT Kills Search Engines Search Engine Optimization (SEO) has been a cornerstone of digital marketing for decades. Companies have invested heavily in optimizing their websites to rank higher on search engine results pages (SERPs) of giants like Google, Bing, and Yahoo. However, the advent of AI technologies, particularly language models like ChatGPT, is poised to revolutionize the landscape. What happens to SEO if ChatGPT replaces traditional search engines? This blog will explore the potential future of SEO in a world where ChatGPT dominates information retrieval.
Model code of conduct (MCC) of India explained The Model Code of Conduct (MCC) is a set of guidelines issued by the Election Commission of India (ECI) that regulates the conduct of political parties, candidates, and government machinery during the electoral process. It ensures free and fair elections by maintaining a level playing field and preventing any party or candidate from gaining an undue advantage. The MCC comes into effect as soon as the election dates are announced and remains in force until the election process is completed.
Some Interesting facts and figure about PHP There are several reasons why it continues to be a relevant and widely used programming language for web development in 2024
Nero and the Great Fire of Rome: Historical Perspectives on an Ancient Catastrophe The Great Fire of Rome in 64 CE remains one of the most infamous incidents in Roman history, largely due to the controversial role of Emperor Nero during the catastrophe. This article explores Nero's actions and responses during the Great Fire, examining the historical accounts and the subsequent narratives that have shaped our understanding of this critical event.